1、 Basic information of disciplines and specialties
one School situation
Hunan University of science and technology is located in Xiangtan City, Hunan Province On the eve of liberation, Xiangbei construction college, two thousand and three It was approved by the Ministry of education and the people's Government of Hunan Province And It is a University jointly established by the people's Government of Hunan Province, the State Administration of science, technology and industry for national defense and the State Administration of work safety.
School floor space three thousand and one hundred More than mu, existing staff two thousand four hundred and six Full time undergraduate twenty-seven thousand four hundred and eighty-three People, Graduate Students two thousand six hundred and thirty-one People. With nineteen Colleges of education and graduate schools, eighty-eight Undergraduate major coverage eleven Subject categories. have three It has a first-class post doctoral research station, four First level disciplines authorized by doctoral degrees, twenty-five First level disciplines authorized by master's degree, forty Engineering majors.
two College situation
The former school of civil engineering of Hunan University of science and technology is the Department of architectural engineering of Xiangtan mining college（ one thousand nine hundred and eighty-eight It was established in, one thousand nine hundred and eighty-nine The first undergraduate students of industrial and civil architecture were recruited. one thousand nine hundred and ninety-seven Xiangtan Institute of mining and technology was renamed Xiangtan Institute of technology. one thousand nine hundred and ninety-eight The Department of civil engineering was formed by the combination of the former Department of construction engineering, the Department of resource exploration and urban construction and the former Department of mining engineering, two thousand and three It was renamed as College of civil engineering.
The college now has civil engineering (Hunan Province key specialty, including construction engineering, road and bridge engineering, urban underground engineering), building environment and energy application engineering (Hunan Province characteristic specialty), water supply and drainage science and engineering, engineering mechanics, engineering management, etc five Four undergraduate programs with seven Teaching departments.
The college has national quality engineering “ Innovation Zone of high quality talents training mode of Civil Engineering Specialty in Local Universities ” Colleges and universities in Hunan Province “ Innovation of civil engineering construction technology ” The demonstration base of industry university research cooperation, the demonstration base of school enterprise cooperation of civil engineering in Hunan Province, the Key Laboratory of structural wind resistance and vibration control in Hunan Province, the Key Laboratory of geotechnical engineering stability control and health monitoring in Hunan Province, the Key Laboratory of civil engineering construction quality and safety control in Hunan Province Research on the safety and stability of bridges and tunnels there are many teaching and scientific research innovation platforms such as scientific and technological innovation teams of colleges and universities in Hunan Province. There are large-scale structural static and dynamic laboratory, wind tunnel laboratory and various professional laboratories with laboratory area eight thousand More than square meters. Hunan University of science and technology has a testing center with complete qualifications. The above platforms It has laid a good experimental and practical foundation for the cultivation of undergraduates and postgraduates.
three Professional information
Existing teachers in civil engineering major fifty-seven People, including professors ten Associate Professor seventeen Teachers with doctor's degree fifty-two People. There is Hunan Province “ 100 people plan ” He is a distinguished professor, a discipline leader of colleges and universities in Hunan Province, an excellent teacher in Hunan Province, and a professor of science and technology in Hunan Province “ Xiangjiang scholars program ” Distinguished professor “ Hunan young talents ” The candidates of the plan and the annual figures of the National College Counselors one People, The young backbone teachers of colleges and universities in Hunan Province and the young teachers teaching experts in Hunan Province are respectively four People, formed a young and middle-aged academic backbone as the main body, reasonable structure, high academic level, teaching and scientific research ability of teachers.
civil engineering Major in Key specialty of Hunan Province. The major enrolls full-time undergraduates every year seven ~ eight In the past three years, we have trained undergraduate students eight hundred and forty-four At present, I am an undergraduate nine hundred and sixteen People.
Civil engineering has always been to improve the quality of personnel training as the goal, actively explore the talent training mode to adapt to economic and social development. In the past five years, he has presided over the research and reform of teaching at the provincial level five Project, school level teaching research and teaching reform thirteen Items; Publishing textbooks eight Department; Publish teaching and research papers sixty-eight Articles; Won the first prize of provincial teaching achievement one And won the achievement award of educational reform and development of Hunan Academy of Educational Sciences four Item. In the national and Hunan Province ordinary university teacher classroom teaching competition, won the national level third prize one Items; Won the first, second and third provincial awards seven Item. In the past five years, civil engineering students have completed national, provincial and University funded innovation projects forty-one And won the national and provincial awards of science and technology competition twenty-eight School level awards one hundred and six Item. Counselors of the year in national colleges and Universities “ Working Dad ” Under the guidance of teacher Huang Xiaodong, from two thousand and thirteen So far, the one-time employment rate of civil engineering students has been maintained at ninety-five %Above, ranked the top of the school.
In the past five years, it has undertaken national key basic research and development（ nine hundred and seventy-three Plan) one National Natural Science Foundation of China twenty-nine Provincial and ministerial projects fifty-nine Items; The accumulated scientific research funds have exceeded 100 million yuan (including vertical research funds) two thousand two hundred and twenty-one point three Ten thousand yuan), technical service cost up to nine thousand More than ten thousand yuan; Publishing academic papers three hundred and thirty-nine Among them, the SCI 、 EI Included fifty-seven Patents granted one hundred and sixteen Items; Won the first prize of science and technology progress in Hunan Province four Item. The discipline takes the local economic construction as the center, and its technical service covers more than ten provinces and autonomous regions thirty The construction of several expressways, high-speed railways and hundreds of construction projects has solved the key technical problems of a number of major projects and provided strong support for local economic construction and social development.
2、 Training of civil engineering professionals
one How to formulate the training plan and how to achieve the curriculum objectives of the syllabus?
A: Training objectives, graduation requirements and curriculum system are the main contents of the training program. On the basis of extensive investigation, reasonable training objectives and graduation requirements are formulated according to the school running orientation, personnel training service orientation and social needs. According to the requirements of graduation, to improve the quality of personnel training as the goal, focus on the construction of civil engineering professional personnel training curriculum system with the characteristics of the times and disciplines.
The professional training program is based on the school's positioning, combined with industry guidance documents, and guided by social talent demand, with the participation of industry and enterprise experts in the whole process. The current training programs of this major include two thousand and thirteen and two thousand and seventeen Two versions.
According to the guiding professional norms and professional evaluation (certification) documents, the teaching plan and syllabus meeting the graduation requirements and training objectives are formulated. The teaching objectives in the syllabus take the ability proposed by graduation requirements as the goal, and reasonably formulate teaching methods and assessment methods according to the ability objectives, so as to make the curriculum system support the ability of graduation requirements.
two Training objectives of the major What is the specific content of?
A: the training objectives of this major are evaluated once a year and comprehensively revised every four years; Industry and enterprise experts participated in the whole process. The current training objectives of this major are two thousand and thirteen and two thousand and seventeen Two versions.
Adopted by Freshmen two thousand and seventeen The training objectives are as follows: To train students to adapt to the needs of national modernization and economic development, to develop morally, intellectually, physically and aesthetically in an all-round way, master the basic theory and professional knowledge of civil engineering discipline, and be competent for the design, construction, detection and management of various civil engineering facilities such as housing construction, roads, bridges, tunnels, underground buildings, etc., after basic training of engineers It can solve complex engineering problems, has innovation consciousness and sustainable development potential High quality applied talents 。
Sophomore ~ Senior students adopt two thousand and thirteen The training objectives are as follows: This major aims to cultivate the comprehensive development of morality, intelligence, physique and aesthetics, master the basic theory and knowledge of engineering mechanics, fluid mechanics, geotechnical mechanics and municipal engineering, have the ability of project planning, design, research and development, construction and management of civil engineering, and be able to design, construct, and construct buildings, underground buildings, tunnels, roads, bridges, mines, etc Education, management, investment, development and other departments engaged in technical or management work Senior technical personnel 。
three Civil engineering graduation requirements (what skills should you have when you graduate)?
A: This major requires graduates have following eleven Aspects Knowledge and skills:
（ one ）Engineering knowledge: be able to use mathematics, natural science, engineering foundation and professional knowledge to solve complex engineering problems in the field of civil engineering.
（ two ）Problem analysis: be able to apply the basic principles of mathematics, natural science and engineering science to identify, express, and analyze complex engineering problems in the field of civil engineering through literature research, so as to obtain effective conclusions.
（ three ）Design / Development solutions: be able to design and develop components (nodes), structures, systems or construction schemes that meet the specific needs of civil engineering, and have innovative consciousness in the design and development process, and consider social, health, safety, legal, cultural and environmental factors.
（ four ）Research: be able to study complex engineering problems in the field of civil engineering based on scientific principles and scientific methods, including designing experiments, analyzing and interpreting data, and obtaining reasonable and effective conclusions through information synthesis.
（ five ）Using modern tools: be able to develop, select and use appropriate technologies, resources, modern engineering tools and information technology tools for complex engineering problems in the field of civil engineering, including prediction and Simulation of complex engineering problems in the field of civil engineering, and be able to understand their limitations.
（ six ）Engineering and society: be able to evaluate the design, construction and operation of projects, as well as solutions to complex engineering problems based on the background knowledge and standards related to civil engineering, including their impact on society, health, safety, law and culture, and understand the responsibilities of geotechnical engineers.
（ seven ）Environment and sustainable development: be able to understand and evaluate the impact of engineering practice on the sustainable development of environment and Society for complex engineering problems in civil engineering field.
（ eight ）Professional norms: understand China's national conditions, have humanities and social science literacy, sense of social responsibility, be able to understand and abide by engineering professional ethics and code of conduct in engineering practice, so as to contribute to the country, serve the society and fulfill responsibilities.
（ nine ）Team cooperation: when solving complex engineering problems in the field of civil engineering, it has a certain international perspective, can assume the role of individual, team member and person in charge in the team under the multi-disciplinary background, be able to communicate and exchange in the cross-cultural background, and be able to effectively communicate and communicate with peers in the industry and the public.
（ ten ）Project management: understand and master the engineering management principles and economic decision-making methods in the multidisciplinary environment related to civil engineering, and have a certain ability of organization, management and leadership.
（ eleven ）Lifelong learning: have the awareness of self-learning and lifelong learning, and have the ability to constantly learn and adapt to the new development of civil engineering.
four How to establish the curriculum system of this major? Does the curriculum system meet the requirements of assessment (certification) standards?
A: first of all, we should formulate the training objectives, determine the graduation requirements, and then determine the curriculum system by the graduation requirements. Each link has compared with the latest guiding professional norms and evaluation (certification) document standards, and has referred to the survey feedback of graduates and employers, as well as peer and enterprise experts' opinions.
Comparing with the "guiding professional specification for civil engineering undergraduates in Colleges and universities" (2011 edition ) And "National University civil engineering professional evaluation (certification) document" (2017 edition ) And its supplementary requirements, two thousand and thirteen Version and two thousand and seventeen Version of the curriculum system all covers the guidance of professional norms forty-three Recommended knowledge units one hundred and seven Core knowledge units and four hundred and twenty-five Core knowledge points, and fully meet the requirements of evaluation (certification) standards.
five What courses reflect professional characteristics? Is there an editor in chief textbook?
A: This major is based on the training goal orientation of high-quality application-oriented talents, combined with the national quality engineering “ Innovation Zone of high quality talents training mode of Civil Engineering Specialty in Local Universities ” Reform practice teaching: optimize basic practice and introduce it into metalworking practice 3D Printing technology, experience cutting-edge technology; Integration and development of professional courses and surveying practice（ 1+2 ）Weekly survey practice mode, using all students to participate in the measurement instrument practice competition assessment; Extension of internship time, construction eighteen Zhou comprehensive practice mode, school enterprise joint guidance; In addition, innovative practice courses should be added to build a comprehensive and exploratory practice teaching mode. The related achievements won the first prize of teaching achievements in Hunan Province.
In the past four years, we have compiled the following textbooks:
（ one ）Design principle of concrete structure, Zhu Mingqiao (editor in chief) ， Central South University press ， two thousand and fifteen point one zero
（ two ）Materials for civil engineering, Wang Gongxun (editor in chief), China Building Materials Press, two thousand and fifteen point zero six
（ three ）Subgrade and pavement engineering, he Chengbin (chief editor) ， wuhan university press ， two thousand and sixteen point zero three
（ four ）Road survey and design, he Chengbin (chief editor) ， Shanghai Jiaotong University Press , two thousand and sixteen point zero six
（ five ）Foundation treatment, he Jianqing (editor in chief) ， Machinery industry press ， two hundred and one six .0 eight
（ six ）Tunnel Engineering (2nd Edition) ， Chen qiunan (editor in chief) ， Machinery industry press ， two hundred and one seven .0 seven
（ seven ）Soil mechanics and foundation, Chen qiunan (co editor) ， Hunan University press ， two hundred and one seven .0 seven
six How to achieve the objectives of the syllabus?
A: According to the guiding professional norms and professional evaluation (certification) documents, the teaching plan and syllabus meeting the graduation requirements and training objectives are formulated. The teaching objectives in the syllabus take the ability proposed by graduation requirements as the goal, and reasonably formulate teaching methods and assessment methods according to the ability objectives, so as to make the curriculum system support the ability of graduation requirements.
seven How to evaluate the achievement degree of graduation requirements?
A: Evaluation object: All students of this major.
Evaluation cycle: the evaluation cycle for achieving the objectives of each course is one Year; The evaluation cycle of graduation requirements is four That is to say, every student can carry out a complete round of graduation requirements evaluation 。
Evaluation method ： Evaluate each course in turn twenty-nine Secondary index points and eleven The achievement degree of graduation requirements. The final comprehensive evaluation of graduation requirements. Considering the actual situation of this major, the curriculum objectives and graduation requirements are set as follows zero point seven 。
The technical indexes in graduation requirements are evaluated by the method of course examination result analysis; The non-technical indicators were evaluated by score table analysis method.
eight What are the suggestions on how to change the curriculum system?
Answer: Reform in accordance with the training objectives in the training program “ Thick foundation, wide caliber, strong adaptability and strong specialty ” High quality practical personnel 。
nine What role do you play in a professional continuous improvement program?
A: suggestions and implementation 。
ten What are the responsibilities of teachers and class teachers in guiding students?
Answer: teachers should carry out the party's educational policy, study the theory of educational psychology seriously, actively implement quality education, have a good style and features of teachers' ethics, abide by the rules and regulations of the school, and strive to implement the school's school running ideology, so as to set an example, teach by example, be a teacher's model, teach and educate people. Specifically, it is divided into two parts: teaching routine and classroom teaching. Teaching routine is to be familiar with the syllabus, prepare lessons carefully and participate in it Teaching Department Teaching and research activities, etc; Classroom teaching is to study teaching seriously, design the teaching scheme with students as the main body, and improve the teaching quality.
Responsibilities of the head teacher:
（ one ） Class management: Conscientiously study and implement the work of the University Party committee, the student affairs office and the college students, and accept the leadership of the college's comrades in charge of student affairs and the coordination of counselors, Carry out various class management work. participate in Selection, training and assessment of class cadres ； To assist counselors to establish standardized student files, and to do a good job in the comprehensive evaluation of students' morality, intelligence and physique, as well as the work of awarding and appraising excellent students ； Help to define the poor students, manage and educate the students with national student loan; To assist in the recommendation of postgraduate candidates; Do a good job in the identification of graduates and leave school in a civilized way.
（ two ） Ideological guidance: We should carry out ideological and political education activities that are suitable for students' characteristics, understand students' ideological trends in time, and guide students to establish correct outlook on life, values and world outlook.
（ three ） Learning guidance: Carry on the study style education to the students, often communicate with the teachers and students, improve the learning method, improve the learning effect; Give timely guidance to students in selecting courses.
（ four ） Extracurricular counseling: Guide students' extracurricular activities, encourage students to actively participate in social practice, Red Cross volunteer service and various recreational and sports activities, and actively organize and carry out activities of creating civilized classes and dormitories to strive for excellence.
（ five ） Professional guidance: guide students' professional development and career planning 。
eleven Whether the working environment can meet the requirements of the tasks undertaken?
A: Yes 。 The college is equipped with a special studio for doctors and professors. The teaching department has a special office for teaching meetings and teaching and research activities, and each teacher is equipped with computer, laser pointer and other teaching auxiliary equipment.
twelve What is the structure of the teaching staff (age, professional title, educational background, etc.) and the teacher-student ratio? Is it suitable for teaching and scientific research?
A: Civil Engineering Existing professional teachers of Engineering Specialty fifty-seven People, experimental teachers twelve Average age of Teachers forty point nine Years old 13.3:1 。 Among professional teachers (excluding experimental teachers), Professor ten People（ 17.5% ）Associate Professor seventeen People（ 29.8% ）, Ph.D fifty-two People（ 91.2% ）； Most of them graduated from Hunan University, Central South University, Tongji University and 蕾丝视频黄站APP ； It has formed a professional teaching team with reasonable age, professional title, education background and academic background structure, with young and middle-aged teachers as the main body and the combination of old, middle-aged and young teachers, which can meet the needs of teaching and scientific research of this major 。
In order to enrich the training process of engineering practice and optimize the existing teacher structure, senior experts from industry or enterprise are employed as part-time teachers. Part time teachers regularly give lectures, hold special lectures, guide internships and graduation projects for undergraduates; guide Students combine theoretical knowledge with engineering practice to improve their engineering awareness and social adaptability.
thirteen Does the teacher who is the main course form a teaching echelon and can guarantee the steady improvement of teaching quality?
Answer: the specialty has formed concrete structure, bridge engineering, underground structure and slope engineering, etc nine A teaching team has been established nineteen The teaching echelon of major courses, with professors or associate professors in charge of courses (groups), can ensure the steady improvement of teaching quality.
fourteen What is the proportion of professors on the stage? What is the usual situation of teaching discussion and teaching inspection?
A: Common ownership of Civil Engineering ten The proportion of professors on the stage is 100% ； Civil engineering major No Hold regular teaching seminars and scientific research conferences; Teaching teams often prepare lessons collectively, listen to each other and observe teaching; Leaders at all levels, teaching supervision, mid-term teaching inspection 。
An effective teaching process quality monitoring mechanism is established to monitor the main teaching links comprehensively and ensure the normal operation of teaching activities. At the end of each semester 10~11 Zhou carried out school wide “ Teaching week ” The theme activity is to check the teaching operation and reflect on the teaching work. This major actively cooperates with the work of the Institute and the university every time “ Teaching week ” We should summarize and analyze the teaching work of the previous stage and the previous one “ Teaching week ” The completion of the rectification will be completed in one academic year “ Look back ” To form a working mechanism of small cycle of semester, big cycle of academic year, continuous circulation and continuous improvement. Through continuous development “ Teaching week ” Theme activities, strengthening “ The overall situation is teaching centered and teaching is student-centered ” The construction of teaching philosophy “ Full participation, full coverage and continuous improvement ” The teaching quality guarantee mechanism has formed the principle of respecting teachers and caring for students “ Worship Teaching ” Campus culture.
fifteen How many teachers can independently undertake national and provincial scientific research projects?
A: Civil Engineering Engineering Major fifty-seven Teachers, including doctors fifty-two All of them can independently undertake national, provincial and ministerial level scientific research projects. In the past five years, it has undertaken national key basic research and development（ nine hundred and seventy-three Plan) one National Natural Science Foundation of China twenty-nine Provincial and ministerial projects fifty-nine Items; The accumulated scientific research funds have exceeded 100 million yuan (including vertical research funds) two thousand two hundred and twenty-one point three Ten thousand yuan), technical service cost up to nine thousand More than 10000 yuan 。
sixteen How to deal with the relationship between scientific research and teaching?
A: the integration of teaching and scientific research is not contradictory in content except time; Scientific research promotes the renewal of teaching content and teaching It can improve scientific research ability in theory. establish Yes Scientific research feedback teaching mechanism, a series of academic frontier lectures for undergraduate students, forming a two-week regular mechanism.
seventeen What are the specific measures to train young teachers?
A: （ one ）Tutor system: We should implement the mentoring system for young teachers, organize professors, associate professors and young teachers to help them grow in an all-round way; （ two ）Qualification training: Support young teachers to participate in professional qualification training, encourage them to participate in engineering practice and extract scientific problems for research; （ three ）Teaching team: Set up a course (Group) teaching team and a teaching echelon of major courses, Implement the tutorial system of young teachers and promote the improvement of teaching ability through teaching competition; （ four ）Engineering practice: support youth Teachers' participation in engineering practice research; （ five ）Study visit: Subsidizing on-the-job teachers for scientific research exchange, degree promotion and going abroad Visiting students 。
eighteen How to combine graduation project (or thesis) with engineering practice? What is the degree of business participation?
Answer: the topic selection of graduation project (Thesis) must meet the requirements of the training objectives of the major, closely combine with practical engineering problems, and cultivate students' engineering consciousness, cooperative spirit and ability to solve complex engineering problems. The guidance teachers are mainly professional teachers, supplemented by enterprise tutors, and the number of each professional teacher guidance is not more than 6~8 People. Professional teachers fifty-seven Have enough energy to invest in design guidance; Another one twelve I have rich experience in engineering. enterprise Experts regularly give lectures and lectures for undergraduates participate in Graduation project guidance 。 The College encourages school and enterprise tutors to carry out the reform and practice of guidance mode.
nineteen How much time is spent on career development?
A: teachers have enough time and energy to devote themselves to undergraduate teaching and student guidance, and actively participate in teaching research and reform. Teachers provide guidance, consultation and service for students; It also has enough guidance for students' career planning and career education; At the same time, it can make clear the responsibility in the process of teaching quality improvement, and constantly improve the work. In addition to teaching, scientific research and social services in the normal teaching week, teachers also carry out teaching preparation, thesis writing, project application, academic exchange and other activities during the winter and summer vacation. For new teachers, must conduct Pre job training one Months; For associate professors and professors, more than one year's experience in studying abroad is required 。
twenty How to obtain the required laboratory equipment?
A: every school year Statistics Purchase of teaching instruments in Colleges declare According to the plan, the special funds for the development of local colleges and universities are supported by the central finance, and the rolling support is carried out in a three-year construction cycle, so as to ensure that each college has a certain amount of funds for purchasing teaching instruments and equipment every year. College of Civil Engineering three Annual purchase fund by two hundred ~ three hundred Ten thousand yuan per year on average eighty Ten thousand yuan about 。 In addition, the college has also passed the Key Laboratory of structural wind resistance and vibration control in Hunan Province, the Key Laboratory of geotechnical engineering stability control and health monitoring, the Key Laboratory of civil engineering construction process and quality and safety control of ordinary colleges and universities in Hunan Province, the talent training demonstration base of school enterprise cooperation of Civil Engineering Specialty in Hunan Province, and colleges and universities in Hunan Province “ Innovation of civil engineering construction technology ” Platform funds such as industry university research cooperation demonstration base, national quality engineering local university civil engineering professional high-quality personnel training mode innovation zone and other platform funds are used for equipment procurement. Based on the above procurement funds, Ensure teaching and research test equipment Satisfy teachers and students Demand.
twenty-one Do teachers often teach one course and related experimental courses at the same time? If not, how to coordinate and communicate among teachers?
A: teachers don't often teach a course at the same time, but most of the time to serve as Related experimental courses. Establishment of the same course or similar courses Teaching team and Teaching echelon , through Shared syllabus and Teaching plan and exchange teaching Teaching discussion Etc conduct coordinate And communication 。
twenty-two Are you satisfied with the salary structure? What are the benefits?
A: satisfied 。 At present, the salary includes three parts: basic salary, basic post allowance and performance allowance. The last part is helpful to stimulate everyone's teaching enthusiasm.
twenty-three What are the unique or special teaching methods for civil engineering?
A: Other teaching methods include discussion method, proof method, demonstration method, heuristic teaching method, experiment method and contrast method. build Let's talk about us based on the situation of science and technology innovation platform and open laboratory major Such as participating in scientific research or production practice.
twenty-four How does the civil engineering industry affect this major?
A: training objectives At the same time, the expert opinions of civil engineering industry are taken into account in the formulation process. Teachers can combine the professional training objectives and training objectives to achieve evaluation, and discuss the influence of industry development and industry demand on our training objectives, training program formulation and teaching process.
twenty-five What should be done to improve this major?
A:（ one ）Strengthen the management of teachers. Establish the basic position of teaching work in the school work, and form a good atmosphere of attaching importance to teaching and talent training.
（ two ）Teaching operation management. Hunan University of science and technology has formulated the teaching work regulations of Hunan University of science and technology and related systems, which has made strict regulations on classroom teaching and practical teaching. Through the strict implementation of these systems, the standardized operation of the teaching process is realized.
（ three ）Teaching evaluation and supervision. ① Employ retired teachers with rich teaching experience to form a teaching supervision expert group and establish a teaching expert supervision system. ② Establish the system of attending lectures by the leaders of colleges and departments. ③ Establish the system of teachers' evaluation of teaching. ④ Establish the system of teaching evaluation. ⑤ Establish teaching inspection system.
（ four ） “ Worship Teaching ” Activities.
（ five ）Strengthen practical teaching to ensure the cultivation of engineering practice ability. Through the construction of practical conditions and the reform of practice teaching, we should constantly enrich the content of practical teaching, innovate the means of practical teaching, improve the management of practical teaching and improve the quality of practical teaching.
（ six ）Strengthening “ Student centered ” 、 “ Results oriented ” 、 “ Continuous improvement ” To strengthen the professional construction.
twenty-six Is the profession providing appropriate educational services?
A: Yes, because our training objectives are clear, the training program is reasonable, and there are clear teaching quality control measures
Major culture The program includes public basic courses 、 Professional basic courses 、 Professional courses 、 Professional elective course 、 Public elective courses The curriculum system of general education for Humanities and Social Sciences, basic engineering science and civil engineering has been formed 。
twenty-seven How many students are there in a class? How much is the connection teacher ？ How many laboratories?
A: about one class thirty About students 。
How many lecturers are associated with: you can click “ Theoretical teaching, professional cognition practice, production practice, curriculum design and graduation design ” How many lecturers are involved in these perspectives.
The laboratories involved are as follows: Measurement laboratory, engineering mechanics laboratory, fluid mechanics laboratory, soil mechanics laboratory, material laboratory, structure laboratory, road laboratory and microcomputer room etc. 。
twenty-eight Under normal circumstances, how many hours are there for tutoring students in a class cycle?
Answer: according to the number of students who take the course and take charge of the class, you can give the actual answer.
twenty-nine How to recognize the quality of education?
A: the quality assessment of modern higher education has a history of nearly 100 years twenty The educational appraisal carried out at the beginning of the 20th century, and then affected all countries in the world. Education quality accreditation is mainly to evaluate the quality of schools and professions, and the purpose is to help them improve the quality. As for teachers, the identification of education quality is helpful to further understand the background of professional construction, clarify the objectives and plans of professional training, clarify their responsibilities and obligations in the construction of professional development, improve the teaching quality and guidance level of graduate design (Thesis), and promote the realization of professional training objectives.
3、 Introduction of engineering education professional certification
one What is engineering education professional accreditation?
A: engineering education professional certification is an internationally accepted quality assurance system for engineering education, and it is also an important basis for international mutual recognition of engineering education and engineer qualification. In China, the professional certification of engineering education is carried out by professional or professional associations, associations (associations) together with educators in this field and experts from related industries and enterprises. It is a qualified evaluation for engineering majors of higher education.
two Why carry out engineering professional certification?
A: the purpose is to:（ one ）To construct the quality monitoring system of engineering education, promote the reform of engineering education, and further improve the quality of engineering education; （ two ）Establish a professional certification system of engineering education which is connected with the engineer system, promote the connection between engineering education and industry, and enhance the adaptability of engineering education personnel training to industrial development; （ three ）Promote the international mutual recognition of China's engineering education and enhance the international competitiveness of China's engineering and technical personnel.
three What are the basic characteristics of engineering accreditation?
A:（ one ）The school of the certified major voluntarily applies to participate in the certification;
（ two ）It is organized by a third-party, non-profit and engaged in certification bodies;
（ three ）Qualification assessment and certification for engineering education major;
（ four ）Quality assurance and quality improvement are the basic guiding ideology and starting point;
（ five ）Student oriented, pay attention to the evaluation of the learning effect of all students.
four The basic concept of engineering professional certification?
A: follow the following basic concepts:
（ one ）Emphasis on student-centered, facing all students. All teaching and management work is carried out around students. The satisfaction of students and employers to the school or major is an important indicator of whether they can pass the certification.
（ two ）Emphasis on the results oriented, student learning output oriented（ outcome- based ）。 According to the core competence and quality requirements of graduates, the effectiveness of professional education is evaluated.
（ three ）Emphasis on continuous improvement. Professional certification emphasizes the basic quality requirements of engineering education and is a kind of qualified evaluation. Professional certification also requires the establishment of a continuous and effective quality improvement mechanism.
five The relationship between professional certification and registered engineer system?
A: the registered engineer system is to establish a unified standard for the engineers in the relevant engineering professional fields within the national scope, and give certification and registration to those who meet the standards, and issue certificates to make them have professional qualifications.
Generally speaking, the registered engineer system includes four parts: professional education certification, professional practice, qualification examination and registration management. The relationship between registered engineer system and professional education certification is the relationship of inclusion and promotion: professional education certification is the basic work and important link of registered engineer system, The registered engineer system is one of the driving forces to promote the establishment and improvement of the professional certification system of engineering education.
One of the important reasons for the establishment of engineering education professional certification system is to ensure the smooth implementation of the registered engineer system in China, and to meet the actual development needs of China's registered engineer system.
six What is the Washington Accord?
A: the Washington Agreement（ Washington Accord ）It is a mutual recognition agreement for undergraduate engineering education degrees, one thousand nine hundred and eighty-nine By the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand six It was initiated and signed by civil engineering professional groups in four countries. The agreement is mainly aimed at the mutual recognition of international undergraduate engineering education degree (its educational system is generally four years). Each contracting member shall confirm the Certified Engineering Education degree, and it is suggested that the personnel who graduate from the certified specialty of any contracting member shall be regarded as having obtained the academic qualification for engineering work in other contracting countries (regions). According to the Washington Agreement, any contracting member must be an independent non-governmental and professional organization authorized by the government of the country (region).
By two thousand and sixteen The United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, China, South Korea, Russia, Japan, etc eighteen Full members.
seven What is the significance of joining the Washington Accord?
A: China's two thousand and thirteen year six month nineteen Japan won the "Washington Agreement" full vote, become the agreement's first twenty-one Members (reserve members). two thousand and sixteen year six month two In Japan, the Washington Agreement was approved by the Chinese Association for science and technology（ CAST ）On behalf of China, it became a member of the Washington Agreement Section eighteen Full members This is a sign that China's scientific and technological organizations have gained an important voice in the international arena. It has passed the Accreditation Association of Engineering Education of China Association for science and technology（ CEEAA ）The certified undergraduate degree in engineering in mainland China will be recognized by all the full members of the agreement, such as the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia.
This accession to the Washington Agreement is conducive to improving the quality of China's engineering education, promoting China's training engineers in accordance with international standards, and improving the quality of engineering and technical personnel training. It is the foundation and key to promote the international mutual recognition of China's engineer qualification, which is of great significance for China's engineering technology field to cope with international competition and go to the world.
eight Rights and obligations after joining the Washington Agreement?
A: after China's accession to the Washington Agreement, China, as a member state, enjoys all the rights and obligations stipulated by the Washington Agreement.
First of all, each member state shall ensure that its own or regional engineering accreditation bodies recognize the substantial equivalence of engineering disciplines certified by other member states in their own countries or regions. Its rights are mainly embodied in the following three aspects: first, the standards, policies and procedures adopted by each member state are substantially equivalent; Second, the certification conclusions of member states are mutually recognized; Third, information exchange among Member States.
At the same time, all Member States should undertake corresponding obligations, including the formulation of certification regulations and procedures suitable for their own countries or regions. The Congress of Member States is held every two years to review the regulations and procedures. If any amendment is needed, the consent of two-thirds of the Member States must be obtained. Member States shall supervise each other and regularly inspect the certification standards, systems, procedures, guidelines, publications and relevant information of certified professions. Member states may be invited to visit the certification.
Whether it is a preparatory member or a full member, their status is not permanent. They need to be inspected regularly according to the relevant provisions of the Washington Agreement. If they fail to pass the inspection, they will be demoted or left for observation.
nine What are the basic contents of engineering professional certification standards?
A: China's engineering education accreditation standards are based on the quality requirements of graduates proposed in the Washington Agreement（ Graduate Attribute Profiles ）Based on this, it meets the requirements of international substantial equivalence. The current certification standard consists of general standards and professional supplementary standards. The general standard specifies the major in students, training objectives, graduation requirements, continuous improvement, curriculum system, teaching staff and supporting conditions seven Three aspects of the requirements; Professional supplementary standards specify the special requirements and supplements in one or more of the above aspects in the corresponding professional fields. The logical relationship of the indicators of accreditation standards is: student-centered, training objectives and graduation requirements oriented, through sufficient teaching staff and complete support conditions to ensure the effective implementation of various courses teaching, and through the improvement of internal and external quality control mechanism for continuous improvement, and ultimately ensure that the quality of student training meets the requirements.
ten How to embody student-centered certification standards?
A: engineering education certification requires student-centered, which is not only reflected in the standard index of students, but also in other indicators. Taking students as the center is the core of evaluation, which is to evaluate students' performance and whether they have acquired corresponding quality and ability, and all students must be considered; The quality requirements at graduation and the professional ability that should be possessed for a period of time after graduation should be set around the training objectives of students; The arrangement of curriculum system, teaching staff and supporting conditions should be guided by whether it is beneficial for students to achieve training objectives and graduation requirements; The purpose of various quality assurance systems and measures is to promote the continuous improvement and improvement of professional quality, and the ultimate purpose is to ensure that the quality of students' training meets the requirements of the corresponding occupation.
Practices in continuous improvement
A: we have established an effective monitoring mechanism for the quality of teaching process (such as teaching week, class log, teaching inspection, teaching supervision, teaching evaluation, teaching assessment, student evaluation, etc.) to comprehensively monitor the main teaching links and ensure the normal operation of teaching activities. At the same time, the tracking feedback mechanism and social evaluation mechanism have been established to promote the achievement of graduation requirements.
twelve What are the conditions for applying for engineering professional certification?
A: to apply for engineering education professional certification, the school must meet the following conditions:
First, the school must be approved by the Ministry of education or put on record, and the schooling system should not be lower than four General institutions of higher learning focusing on undergraduate education;
The second is that the specialty applied for certification must be approved or filed by the Ministry of education, which belongs to the professional field of Certification Association. There have been five or more graduates.